Coordinated by Egypt, the War of Attrition had the aim of engaging Israel in a bloody conflict that would make use of the Arab countries’ superior assets. The principal theater of operations for the Israel Navy during this war was the Suez Canal. The Egyptians initiated incidents incessantly using heavy artillery at Israeli positions east of the Suez and accompanied by incursions. These attacks inflicted heavy casualties. The Israel Navy responded by attacking targets on the west coast of the Suez Canal, driving the “war” to enemy territory.

Between December 1967 and January 1970, the Navy took possession of missile boats that were built in Cherbourg. Delivered unarmed, they were outfitted with Israeli- designed and produced Gabriel missiles.